The Masseter is strongest muscle in the body based on its weight. It is the facial muscle responsible for biting down, chewing and clenching. With forces like that, it is not hard to believe that a denture or the denture teeth may chip, crack, or fracture while in use. When the day comes that your denture needs repair, what do you do?
- NEVER try to Super Glue your denture … Never!
- Super glue can permanently ruin your dentures
- Super glue is also not healthy to swallow as your saliva slowly dissolves it
- Save all the pieces if any
- Call and make an appointment at Woodside
- It may be a chipped tooth, broken tooth, crack or a fracture. With our in-house lab, repairs are usually completed same day.
How to minimize the possibility of your dentures chipping, cracking or breaking
- When cleaning your denture, always line your sink with a face cloth or fill sink with some water first. This will cushion the impact of your dentures if they slip out of your hands.
- A denture hitting a hard surface can result in a chip or crack in your denture.
- A partial denture hitting a hard surface can bend a clasp out of place.
- If you have dogs, keep your dentures in a safe and secure spot when taking them out (your denture case).
- Dogs love chewing on dentures because of the smell and the taste, because it is hard, this can cause multiple fractures, and in some cases the dog may swallow some of the pieces.
- If you sleep with your dentures in and have a tendency to clench or grind your teeth, it is a good idea to invest in a mouth guard to protect your dentures.
- Keep biting down on hard foods like nuts and candies to a minimal
If you a have Partial Denture:
- Never bite the denture into place
- Never grip your partials too hard, especially around clasps
- Be careful not to drop the partial on hard surfaces, it can land on a clasp and bend it out of place.
- Be careful the clasps don’t get snagged on a towel or cloth
Keep up with regular maintenance if needed
- Get sore spots adjusted, changing your bite to accommodate sore spots can cause misalignment and uneven forces
- If your denture feels misaligned after inserted, make sure you contact the denturist
Be sure to keep up with your regular recommended scheduled relines.
- Biting down on a loose denture can cause a misaligned force onto the denture, which can cause the denture to chip, crack or fracture.
- Relines are recommended every 2 years and are usually covered by many insurances and seniors’ programs
If your dentures have broken before or if the dentures are too old there is a higher chance of dentures breaking.
- New dentures are recommended every 5 to 7 years
Coverage is usually available every 5 years by many insurance or seniors’ programs
When it comes to wearing dentures, one must understand that the denture-supporting structures in the mouth are in a constant state of change as the years go by. The denture you are wearing is fitted to your oral structure at the time of impression when the denture was being made, over time the supporting structures will shrink away from the denture creating a space. This space can cause the denture to fit loose, feelings of discomfort or give you sore spots, the remedy to this is a denture reline.
A denture reline is the process where the tissue side of the current denture is lined with new material to fill the space where the gums have changed and shrunk, the outcome of this process will give your denture an updated fit to accommodate the change in the gums. The relined denture will in return give you a fit that is snug, more stable, and more comfortable. Relining your denture will also minimize the looseness and rubbing of the denture while reducing the rate of shrinkage in your gums.
What are some Major Causes for denture relining?
- Time –
- It is the inevitable struggle for denture wearers, your denture supporting structures are in a constant state of change. The lower jaw is more prone to shrinking than the upper. Every individual’s gums shrink at different rates, unfortunately; regular scheduled relines are encouraged to slow down the rate of change with a well-fitted denture.
- Weight Changes –
- Significant weight loss can accelerate the rate of shrinkage in supporting structures in your mouth. This can result in a loose denture which can then make it harder to eat, affecting your nutritional intake to maintain or regain a healthy weight.
- Injury or infection in the Gums-
- If your gums have endured some sort of injury or infection recently or in the past, change in the supporting bone may also shrink faster. Relining may be necessary in order to provide the maximum comfort and reduce the rate of change.
- Delaying new Dentures –
- Some denture wearers may be considering or be in the process of getting new dentures, during this time they may look into a reline. May also reline so existing dentures can be used as a backup denture.
- Many insurance coverages or seniors plan cover denture relines every 2 years, so many people get relines to maximize their plan.
Types of Denture Relines
There are 2 main types of denture relines, hard and soft. There are significant differences between the two, and can sometimes be challenging to decide on which choice is best for you. The best way to know is to consult with your denturist to see what is right for you.
Hard relines are the most common and straight forward type of reline. Pink acrylic is used that is the same as your current denture. This option provides you with a newly fitted surface that looks and feels like your existing denture the integration between the liner and denture is seamless. This Process is short and only takes half a day, you get impressions taken using your dentures in the morning and then returned to you in the afternoon.
- Longer lasting and more durable
- Increased stability
- Process can be used to fix minor cracks and fractures in denture
- Seamless transition between Liner and denture
- Short duration of time without denture
- Easier to keep clean
- Can be less comfortable (depending on condition of your denture supporting structures in your mouth)
Resilient Soft Liners
Soft denture reline materials have been developed for the purpose of providing durability and comfort to denture wearers. The soft reline solution allows for a layer of soft and compressible material to be fitted as a cushion between gums and denture. Soft liners geared towards individuals with less desirable denture supporting structures, and mainly used in the lower denture. This option is great for individuals that have a hard time adjusting to the conventional hard acrylic fitting surface lacking supporting tissue. Getting a soft liner takes long that hard relines, the initial steps of impression with your denture is the same but the pickup will be for the following day. Soft liner has its benefits but also has more disadvantages.
- More comfortable for certain individuals
- Great for individuals with minimal denture supporting structures
- Can minimize trauma and irritation reducing the rate of gum resorption
- Soft liner material is more porous in nature which
- Collects bacteria
- Discolour over time
- Can smell really bad
- Hard to do adjustment
- Does not bond as well to denture
- Does not have a seamless transition between liner and denture
- During processing, you are without denture longer
- More expensive
When to consider getting a Reline
Relines are recommended every 2 years. It is also covered by many insurance companies and seniors plans every 2 years as well. If you had a surgical denture in the last year, it is recommended to get a permanent reline at the 1 year mark. Other indications that you may need a reline are:
- Denture has become loose and unstable
- Dentures are often uncomfortable and causing sore spots in different areas
- You are using more and more denture adhesives to get it to stay in place
- Your dentures have temporary liners in place that need to be replaced
- When the soft liner is past its due date, severely discoloured and smelling
Choosing Hard Relines or soft
Each patient’s choice when it comes to hard or soft relines will depend on their specific circumstance. As mentioned, there are advantages and disadvantages to both but the weight that is put on them will vary for each patient. To fully know which type is for you, be sure to book a free consultation with your denturist. Usually soft liner sounds like a nicer option, but it may not be the right option that is best for your mouth.
Top 5 Cleaning Habits for your Dentures:
- Before brushing, rinse your dentures to remove any loose food or deposits
- When cleaning never use too hot of water as it may distort the denture, lukewarm is the most ideal
- Clean your entire mouth including the gums, cheeks, palate and tongue thoroughly to remove as much plaque as possible. This helps reduce the risk of oral irritation and halitosis (bad breath).
- Line the sink with a wet face towel to prevent denture breakage from the denture hitting the sink if it slips out of your hands while cleaning dentures.
- Never use toothpaste as the abrasive factor in it could scratch the teeth and make them more sus
ceptible to staining.
Top 5 Eating Habits when using Dentures:
- While adjusting to new dentures, eat soft foods that are cut into small bite-sized pieces.
- When eating, chew slowly and consciously develop the habit of using both sides of your mouth.
- Gradually add more solid food until you return to a normal diet.
- Be mindful when eating very hot, very cold or hard foods, sharp-edged bones or shells.
Let our expertise help you achieve that healthy and beautiful smile.
Schedule an appointment with us today!
Commonly known as false teeth or dentures, these are removable prosthetic devices produced to take the place of missing teeth. When you lose some or all of your natural teeth, whether from gum disease, tooth decay or injury, using dentures to replace your teeth will help keep facial structures from sinking in and help you maintain proper chewing functions. Dentures can be made similar to your natural teeth keeping your own esthetics or sometimes creating positive improvements to your smile. Dentures can be categorized into Complete, Partial and Implant Retained dentures.
These can be either conventional or immediate.
Immediate denture is made in advance to the teeth extraction appointment and usually inserted immediately at the time of the extractions. In your visits that are prior to your extractions, your denturist takes impressions and measurements and creates a denture that will fit your jaw. At no time will you be without teeth during your healing period. Your bones and gums will shrink the most in the first twelve months following extractions, which then permanent relines are required. Thus the advantage of immediate dentures is never being without teeth but common disadvantages include needing more frequent adjustments and often the placement of temporary linings.
Are dentures that are made when there are no teeth remaining in your mouth and gums that are usually all healed. The Bone and Ridge supporting the dentures are usually stabilized and shrinkage is less drastic. These dentures rely on stability and suction for retention, upgradable services are available to maximize this suction retention.
Removable partial dentures are made up of replacement teeth that clip on the natural teeth for mechanical retention, often connected by a metal framework or just acrylic. It is used when only two or more natural teeth are remaining on either arch ( jaw ). A partial denture not only fills in the spaces created by the missing teeth, it also prevents neighboring natural teeth from migrating into those spaces. The stability of natural teeth used for retention is usually determined by dentists and a cleaning is recommended before starting.
Implant Retained Dentures
Dental implants create an anchor system that acts as roots for dentures. They are more expensive but have the closest function available to human teeth. Dentures with implants can either be removable where it can be snapped onto the implants, or it can be fixed onto the implants. Implant retained dentures involve proper treatment planning in collaboration between the denturist and dentist. Dental implant costs varies based on wants and needs of the client, that is why proper assessments and treatment planning is vital to determine what is best for you. If planning to transition from conventional dentures to implants, many people invest in the lower jaw first as lower dentures usually lack the stability and retention in comparison to the upper denture.
Getting dentures is unique to an individual. How long the process takes is determined by the kind of dentures you want and the overall health of your mouth. Most people opt for fully removable immediate dentures custom made and positioned in your mouth. The procedure can take a few weeks after the extraction of the remaining teeth. Remember the jaw has to heal first.
The process starts with preliminary impressions and centric tray recording. Here, the dentist will decide the length of new teeth based on the patient’s mouth. The denture has to be an ideal fit, and this is achieved by making sure there is correct alignment between the upper and lower teeth. The denture making process starts here where the lower alginate impression is taken. Next, the bite record is taken with the centric tray.
The next step takes place in the laboratory where pouring impressions and mounting will take place. The preliminary models are mounted with the centric bite record previously made by the centric tray. In the lab, custom impressions trays are built with the help of a gnathometer.
After this, the dentists go back to the patient where they now have to take the final impressions and gnathometer record. Last impressions are taken with custom trays made in the laboratory. The gnathometer is used to record the bite. Using the gnathometer, specific jaw movements are marked on top of the molds made in the laboratory. The gnathometer is coloured and an arrow introduced on a particular coloured area where the bite is recorded with bite registration material.
These new readings are now taken to the lab where the fresh bite and models are now mounted to the articulator. New stone models are poured in the final impressions before mounting. With these in place, the teeth can now be set on the wax one by one based on the colour shade and size of the teeth picked by the patient. After this, the wax try-in is the next step where the teeth are now fitted on the patient and adjustments made if necessary. If everything is okay and all the measurements are accurate, the dentures are now taken back to the lab for the final wax-up process.
The wax denture is invested in stone and melted away. It is then replaced by injecting acrylic into the space. After this, finishing is done on the dentures which involves removing the clutters and any spots that can cause sore spots on the gum. The dentures are then polished, and the new smile is ready for delivery to the client.